In 2017, there are many things people don’t agree on. But there is one thing every reasonable person agrees on: every couple and individual should be able to enjoy their lives in peace and be free from persecution regardless of sexuality, gender, race or religion.

In addition, every person should be able to freely express their true identity without fear of persecution or violence. So it is hard to believe that in some countries, being a member of the LGBT community is illegal or in some cases, even deadly.

There are many reasons for this being the case (but there are definitely no acceptable reasons). In some places, it’s due to religion. In others, it’s due to political views. Ultimately, this results in a very hostile environment in which the LGBT community must hide their true identity and are never truly given the chance to be themselves.

We’ve called these countries that persecute members of the LGBT community the ‘Shameful 76’ because in 2017 discriminating against and persecuting LGBT individuals is without question disgraceful.

Different Countries, Their Laws, and Their Behaviour Towards LGBT Communities

Below we have put together a list of all the countries which currently make being LGBT illegal or frowned upon. On top of that, we have included some of the issues with the law that a member of the LGBT community may run into should their sexuality become known publicly.

For those who would like to share, we have made some graphics for sharing located at the bottom of this page.

Afghanistan

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality is currently categorized as a criminal act and thus, is punishable.
  • Same sex marriage is not a legal practice in Afghanistan.
  • Even though gender transitions are legal, surgery is required for the transition to be legal.
  • It is illegal for same sex couples to adopt.
  • There is no legal protection against LGBT discrimination, employment discrimination, or housing discrimination.
  • It is illegal for homosexuals to openly serve in their military.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public attitude towards homosexuality and the LGBT community are overwhelmingly negative. This is due to the fact that the majority of their population are Islamic; a religion which is very much against homosexuality.

Penalties

The penalties which are enforced in Afghanistan can range from as little as months’ imprisonment, to as severe as the death penalty.

Algeria

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality is illegal in Algeria and is classed as a criminal act, thus is punishable (sometimes by death).
  • Homosexual marriages are not currently illegal.
  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • Gender transitions are illegal.
  • There is currently no legal protection against LGBT discrimination.
  • Any public interaction of homosexual activity is to be classed as illegal and to further this, any homosexual acts are categorized as public indecency.
  • Algeria currently practices the “Sharia Law”, stating that all homosexuals must be sentenced to death.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Due to the fact that the primary religion of Algeria is Islamic, and the Islamic belief is that homosexuality is a sin, the majority of the Algerian population are against homosexuality and support the laws which are against it.

Penalties

The penalties which are enforced against homosexuality in Algeria start from as little as a fine, to several years of imprisonment, or in some cases, a vigilante execution. It’s often found that a fine may be applied on top of imprisonment.

 
Angola

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • All and any homosexual activity is classed as illegal.
  • Although some are persuaded otherwise and in some small and urban areas of Angola this isn’t the case, for the most part gay marriage is illegal in Angola.

There are not many laws in place against LGBT acts in Angola due to the fact that in , a lot of them were abolished. However, there are still communities who are strictly against homosexuality.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public reaction to the LGBT community is very “on the edge”, and mixed. This is due to the fact that in Angola, society generally pressures on another to marry a partner of the opposite sex (often matched by their family members).

Penalties

The penalties for homosexuality are now non-applicable as in , they were overruled. That being said, due to the current age of consent in Angola being , any homosexual acts with children who come between the age of and the age of , may be categorised as sexual abuse. The punishment for this can range from only a few years, to a maximum of years.

Antigua and Barbuda

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • All and any homosexual activity is classed as illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • All and any homosexual activity is classed as illegal.
  • Adoption by same sex couples is illegal.
  • There are many communities in Antigua and Barbuda that are against homosexuality.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be mixed; there is no overt discrimination towards the LGBT community. There is no ‘open’ gay scene in Antigua and Barbuda.  There are some reports in the media of violence to homosexuals, and on the other hand there have been reports that the attitude is becoming more relaxed. The current minster for Social Transformation is appealing to have the buggery law repealed.

Penalties

The law in Antigua states that for consensual anal intercourse between two men or a man and a woman would result in up to 15 years imprisonment. If the act was committed against a child the sentence is life. Same sex relations can carry a prison term of 5 years. Even as part of the UK Commonwealth, United Kingdom law does not apply in Antigua and Barbuda and as such the 1995 law criminalizing homosexuality is enforceable.

Bangladesh

LGBT Laws

  • Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.
  • Changing gender is legal in Bangladesh.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • All and any homosexual activity is classed as illegal.
  • Adoption by same sex couples is illegal.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to view homosexuality as a serious offence and as such a large amount of the population sees it as unfavorable. There is no current law in Bangladesh to address harassment in the LGBT community and there seems to be little movement in the LGBT organizations to address the situation.

Penalties

Same sex activities, whether private or public are illegal and punishable with a fine and life imprisonment, but lesser jail terms for up 10 years are imposed on a more regular basis.

Barbados

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • All and any homosexual activity is classed as illegal.
  • Adoption by same sex couples is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized in Barbados.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be tolerant towards the LGBT community. It is frowned upon and unwelcome if gay people show openly public affection towards each other. The gay scene is mostly underground and out of public view in the country.

Penalties

Although the prison term currently in Barbados for homosexuality is life, it is noted that this punishment is rarely enforced.

Bhutan

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • All and any homosexual activity is classed as illegal.
  • The right to change gender is legal in Bhutan.
  • The legal age of consent is 18 years of age.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to believe that homosexuality is immoral. They have a lack of understanding towards the LGBT community.  The rights of LGBT community in Bhutan are not recognized in law, and there is a widespread ignorance towards them, Bhutanese culture and traditions does not share the typical Western views of homosexuality in many ways.

Penalties

The penalty for any LGBT activity is one month to one year.

Botswana

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • All and any homosexual activity is classed as illegal.
  • The right to change gender is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • LGBT discrimination in Botswana is illegal in only one context – employment (sexual orientation only) and any other discrimination is not covered by Botswana law.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Just being homosexual is not illegal in Botswana, but having homosexual tendencies is deemed an ‘unlawful tendency’. Homosexuality in Botswana is a taboo subject, many see it as Western ‘disease’ and ‘Un-African’. In 2016 there was a ruling in which the courts have now forced the government to recognize the LGBT community in its country, but yet still not legalizing gay marriage.

Penalties

The penalty for homosexuality in Botswana is imprisonment, with a term of up to 7 years being in the statute book.

Brunei

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality is illegal in Brunei and is classed as a criminal act.  There have been proposals to change the current penalties to death by stoning.
  • Homosexual marriages are illegal and there are no signs that this will change.
  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • Gender transitions are illegal.
  • There is currently no legal protection against LGBT discrimination.
  • Brunei operates under Sharia Law.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public attitude towards homosexuality and the LGBT community are overwhelmingly negative. This is due to the fact that the majority of their population are Muslim; a religion which is very much against homosexuality. The public are openly hostile towards homosexuality.

Penalties

Currently the law in Brunei is that same sex couples are imprisoned for 10 years with a fine of 30,000 Brunei Dollars. It has been noted that the law was under review and that the penalty be changed to death by stoning.

Burundi

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Burundian constitution prohibits same sex marriage.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be less than far from willing to accept LGBT people into their community. It has been reported that in some cases families have disowned gay children who refuse to deny their true identity. Gay people face constant marginalization and discrimination by their own community in many ways.

Penalties

The current penalty for homosexuals is up to 2 years imprisonment and/or a fine of 50,000 to 100,000 francs.

Cameroon

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage in Cameroon is not legal
  • The age of consent is the same as with heterosexuals – 16 years of age.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Cameroon is a conservative society and hence frowns upon homosexuality. The penal code bans same sex relations. The LGBT community keeps a low profile and they show no open signs of affection as they are often harassed, discriminated against and looked upon as social pariahs.

Penalties

Being gay in Cameroon is illegal and people face a penalty of 6 months to 5 years imprisonment and a fine ranging from 20,000 to 200,000 CFA.

Comoros

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage in Comoros is not legal.
  • There is no recognition for legal rights for same sex couples.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be negative towards the LGBT community. The people of Comoros see same sex relations and acts as against nature, and for this reason the LGBT community is secretive and is kept underground. LGBT’s show no open signs of affection and try to avoid detection. Homosexual acts are illegal in Comoros regardless of age. It is to be noted that there is no lesbian, gay, transgender or bisexual organizations in this country as they would face a great deal of opposition from the local people.

Penalties

The penalty is a sentence of up to 5 years in prison and or a fine ranging from 50,000 to 1,000,000 francs. It is to be noted that there has virtually no known cases been brought to court. Comoros has a heavily Muslim population and so gays do not openly discuss or display their orientation for fear of heavy discrimination.

Dominica

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination against LGBT’s.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized in Dominica.
  • There is no recognition for legal rights for same sex couples.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Dominica is a small Caribbean Island which is predominantly Christian. Some of its population view homosexuality as a sin, where some have no feeling either way.  It is a relaxed island, but it should be noted that the LGBT community do not flaunt their affections openly in public. Some have been accepted by family and friends where others have been marginalized, harassed and bullied.

Penalties

The sentence for homosexuals in Dominica is a term of up to 10 years for ‘gross indecency’.  It has also been noted that some have been sent to psychiatric hospitals for treatment. The law is rarely enforced.  It is also noted that in 2012 a gay couple from Palm Springs was arrested in Dominica for having sex on their balcony in their cabin during a gay cruise. They were fined and later released to return home.

 Egypt

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination against the LGBT community.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized in Egypt
  • There is no recognition for legal rights for same sex couples.
  • The age of consent is the same as heterosexuals – 18 years of age.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

A large percentage of the Egyptian population believes that homosexuals should not be accepted by society. They see the LGBT community participating in immoral and indecent behavior.  There is hardly any public support for the LGBT community and their rights in Egypt, only a handful of Egyptians support LGBT rights in any way, shape or form.

Penalties

The current penalty for same sex couples in Egypt is imprisonment for 3 months to up to 3 years if found guilty.

Eritrea

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination against LGBT.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized in Eritrea.
  • There is no recognition for legal rights for same sex couples.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The subject of homosexuality is hardly if ever brought up in Eritrean society. It is seen by many as a direct violation of precious Eritrean values. There is no support for the LGBT community and many do not understand the term at all. There are no public displays of affection and the LGBT community is entrenched in secret underground scene to hide from potential discrimination and harassment.

Penalties

The current penalty for homosexual activity in Eritrea is a jail term of up to 3 years for anyone found guilty.

Ethiopia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination against LGBT.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no recognition for legal rights for same sex couples.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to view homosexuality as ‘white disease’ and an inexcusable sin. There are three legal systems in Ethiopia, tribal, religious and state law; the LGBT community cannot live their lives freely in public without the fear of intimidation, harassment and prosecution under these three laws. There are no LGBT organizations in Ethiopia to protect the community.

Penalties

The currently penalty is anything from 3 days to 15 years imprisonment.  Those who engage in same sex sexual activity and infect the other with AIDS can receive a sentence of up to 25 years under Ethiopian law.

Gambia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise, are all illegal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination against LGBT.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no recognition for legal rights for same sex couples.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The Gambian society is known to be hostile to the LGBT community. There is a stigmatism to homosexuality and many see it as a sinful act.  Even the government is very vocal against the gay community and this gains them support from the population.  The LGBT community lives in fear of harassment and persecution. There are no open displays of public affection, the subject is taboo, and even overseas visitors to this country can often bee deported for being openly gay.

Penalties

The current penalty is prison term of up to 7 years for anyone convicted of homosexuality under Gambian law.

Ghana

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise among males, are all illegal. The law is grey in this matter for females.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination against LGBT.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Ghana sees itself as a deeply religious country and the people consider homosexuality as an evil and disgraceful life choice. The LGBT community are labeled as promiscuous and are often referred to as criminals. They are regularly harassed and face widespread discrimination in all walks of life.  There are no open displays of affection as the LGBT community lives in constant threat of arrest and punishment.

Penalties

The current penalty for homosexuals is a prison term of up to 5 years when found guilty under Ghanaian law.

Grenada

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise among males, are illegal, however the same laws do not cover females.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized in Grenada.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

There is a homophobic atmosphere in Grenada and as such homosexuality is frowned upon. LGBT’s are not able to display open affections towards one another without the fear of harassment or discrimination from the general population.

Penalties

The current penalty for male homosexuals is up to 10 years imprisonment.

Guinea

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized in Guinea.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.
  • The age of consent is the same as heterosexuals.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Guinea is a deeply religious country and as such sees homosexuality as taboo and sinful. There are no LGBT organisations on the island to help protect and support its community.  On the island LGBT’s suffer from hate crimes, harassment, discrimination and fear of living in a hostile environment. There are no open displays of affection among gay and lesbians, this is kept out of public sight to stop the harassment and potential punishment.

Penalties

The current penalty for homosexuals in Guinea is 6 months to 3 years in prison and a fine of 100,000 to 1,000,000 Guinean Francs.  If the offence is committed with a minor (under the age of 21) the prison term is 5 to 10 years instead.

Guyana

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be tolerant and accepting towards the LGBT community, with just a small proportion being homophobic. With this in mind the LGBT in Guyana do not display their affection in public as there have been cases reported of harassment and victimization  There are organizations and groups that help to support and promote the basic equal human rights for the LGBT community in Guyana and they have made some progress in recent years.

Penalties

The penalty for homosexuality (buggery) is life imprisonment.  For commenting a gross indecency the prison term is anywhere up to 2 years. Anyone that is found guilty with the ‘intent’ to commit buggery can face a jail term of 10 years.

India

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • Transgender people have legal rights in India (Hijras) as they are classed as a third gender.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The subject of discussion of homosexuality in many parts of India still remains taboo despite prominent groups and activist supporting the LGBT community.  In large parts of society people see same sex acts as unnatural and against ‘the law of nature’. For this reason the gay and lesbian community is mainly underground and out of sight from the heterosexual world. Attitudes seem to be changing slowly as more Western influences reach the country but progress remains slow.

Penalties

The penalty for same sex couples is a prison term of up 10 years.  It should be noted a petition has been made to the Supreme Court in India to review Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code and this movement is gaining some support in society.

Iran

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be outwardly homophobic towards the LGBT community. Iran is deeply religious and is an Islamic State. As such see homosexual acts a grave sin and a crime against society. Muslim law in many Islamic states promises great punishment for those involved in gay acts. Many LGBT’s in Iran live in fear of prosecution, harassment, discrimination, there are no open displays of affection, all life is secret and kept hidden from public view. There is an underground LGBT movement in Iran and many gay and lesbian people have been forced to live in exile.

Penalties

Any type of sexual activity outside of heterosexual sex is forbidden. The penalty for any homosexual act is either imprisonment or corporal punishment. The death sentence is imposed if the act was rape.  Lesbians are treated somewhat more fairly than gay men in most cases.

Jamaica

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be very homophobic towards the LGBT community. There are many violent hate crimes against the LGBT community; Jamaica is known as one of the most ‘homophobic’ countries to visit. Gay people face often face harassment, prejudice from society and discrimination.  There are organizations and support groups that fight for the rights and acceptance for LGBT people, but Jamaica is a very ‘male dominated’ society and see homosexuality as ‘threat on their own masculinity’. The reggae scene in particular promotes violence and harassment towards the gay community and has a strong standing in Jamaican society.

Penalties

The current penalty for a homosexual act in Jamaica is a prison term of up to 10 years and this can be with or without hard labor.

Kenya

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of LGBT people.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be intolerant towards the LGBT community as a whole. Some see it as a way of life and as such they have decided that it should not be accepted by society, and that its ‘evil’. Often and many homosexuals are discriminated against, they are stigmatized by people and face violence for following their true heart.  There are groups and organizations in Kenya that fight against the discrimination LGBT’s face but for many they have to keep their feelings and affection out of sight of the public.

Penalties

Same sex couples can face a prison term of up to 14 years under Kenyan law if found guilty.

Kiribati

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any male homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Lesbians activities are legal.
  • Anal intercourse regardless of sex is outlawed and is punishable.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

There is no open public opinion as to people’s feelings towards the LGBT community as a whole. It should be noted though that there has been some evidence reported of violence and discrimination towards lesbians, even though this is legal.  There is no LGBT organization on Kiribati to help and support the LGBT community and inform the wider public.

Kuwait

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Kuwait is a deeply Muslim society that sees homosexuality as a ‘big sin’. It is hardly discussed in public or even in the media, there is no ‘openly gay community’ and for this reason the LGBT community is kept underground and keeps any affection out of public view. Gay couples have to live their lives in secret for fear of reprisals or imprisonment.

Penalties

The penalty is imprisonment for up to 7 years. Is the act was committed against a minor (under the age of 21) to the prison term is increased to up to 10 years.

Lebanon

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities are legal, though no law has been passed.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

There is a small proportion of the public in this country are known to be tolerant towards the LGBT community. The remaining population is bigoted and homophobic even though the government has stated that it is legal. There are groups and charities that support the LGBT community, with their fight for equal rights.  Many are still victimized, harassed and face discrimination in their daily lives.

Penalties

Although no law has been passed to legalize homosexuality in Lebanon, it is legal. It must be noted that in Article 534 which prohibits having sexual relations that ‘contradicts the laws of nature’ a prison term of up to 1 year can be imposed.  This law is being used by the authorities to convict homosexuals.

Liberia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The overall opinion of people in Liberia is that they are strongly opposed to homosexuals and many are homophobic.  The LGBT community has to live their lives in secret, unable to show any open displays of affection with the fear of being marginalized, harassed and abused. Many are rejected by their own community, friends and family if they come out as gay.

Penalties

The current penalty is imprisonment of up to 1 year.

Libya

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Libya is a large Islamic country that is devoutly religious and as such see homosexuals, both male and female as sinful and committing acts that are in violation of traditional Islamic morality. There are no public signs of affection among the gay community. There isn’t any sign of a group or organization that speaks out and up for gay rights.  As a whole, LGBT community is forced to live their lives in clandestine groups underground as their detection would lead to severe discrimination.

Penalties

The penalty of committing indecent sexual acts is a prison term from 1 to 4 years.  It should also be noted that in 1990 the then ruler Gaddafi, gave the courts the power to enact ‘purification’ laws which gave them the power to use cruel punishments such as amputation and flogging against people who committed such acts.

Malawi

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be negative towards the LGBT community. Malawi is a Christian country that views homosexuality as a sin.  Many see it as committing a crime against culture, region and laws.  There is a small LGBT community that lives in fear of discrimination and harassment. They keep their true feelings hidden from public view to protect from discrimination.

Penalties

The current penalty for same sex sexual acts is a prison term for up to 14 years imprisonment.

Malaysia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be somewhat tolerant towards the LGBT community in parts.  Malaysia has a mixture of religions and cultures, the main religion being Muslim, and so is known to see homosexuals as committing a sin. Culture and opinion is changing in Malaysia and there is a more open gay scene compared to some countries. But still many have to live their lives in fear of marginalization and harassment as a large part of society are less so in acceptance of the LGBT lifestyle.  There are groups and organizations that are fighting for gay rights and protection, these are mainly found in the capital city of Kuala Lumpur.

Penalties

The penalty for same sex sexual activity can carry a punishment of up to 20 years.  It is to be noted that Malaysia has a divided legal system, there is the federal and civil and criminal court, but at the state level, Muslims use Sharia courts.  Homosexuality cases are condemned under both jurisdictions.

Maldives

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of the LGBT community.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The Maldives is a strict Muslim country that sees homosexuality as a sin in any form. The people are conservative and disprove of any public displays of affection, be it from hetero or homosexual couples. The country relies heavily on tourism and so is somewhat tolerant as to protect the vital tourism industry, so discretion is the key.

Penalties

Under Sharia Law the penalty for homosexuality may be a punishment by death.  Other stated penalties include whipping, deportation, house arrest, or up to 6 years imprisonment if found guilty.

Mauritania

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal and not recognized by the state.
  • There is no protection against discrimination

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be negative towards the LGBT community. The population is mainly Sunni and so any Muslim must abide by Sharia Law. Any talk about sexual matters is taboo in general and relations are confined to heterosexual marriages. There is no open LGBT community in Mauritania and no signs of any groups or organizations support them. The LGBT community lives their lives in hiding for fear of harassment.

Penalties

Under Sharia Law the penalty for male sodomy is punishable by death. Female homosexuality is punishable by either fines or imprisonment.

Mauritius

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • The law regarding homosexuality is vague and ambiguous, although it should be noted that sodomy is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized in Mauritius.
  • Some discrimination rights are protected, such as in employment.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to have mixed feelings towards the LGBT community. Some see it as unnatural while others believe that people should be more open-minded to others and more accepting.  Gay life still remains secretive and hidden from the public. Tourists to the country should refrain for showing signs of public affection and should keep it private to remain safe.

Penalties

The penalty for sodomy either homosexual or heterosexual couples is a prison term of 5 years in Mauritius.

Morocco

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country were known to be tolerant towards the LGBT community.  It used to be a popular tourist attraction for gay visitors in the sixties, however times have changed in recent years and people are become less tolerant. There are no open displays of expression or affection between same sex couples in the Moroccan LGBT community and tourists should follow suit. Such activities are kept behind doors.  There is no open gay scene in Morocco either, for many they meet in clandestine groups.  An LGBT organization was formed to help support and fight for gay rights, though this has no legal recognition it continues to promote and educate the people of Morocco.

Penalties

The penalty for homosexuality is a prison term from 6 months to 3 years plus a fine of 120 to 1000 dirham.

Mozambique

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are legal (since 2015).
  • Gender transition is legal
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • Protection against discrimination is limited – employment – sexual orientation only.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be somewhat relaxed towards the LGBT community, though it is seen still to carry a stigma. Sometime members of Mozambique society believe it is an attack on their cultural and religious practices. Mozambique is a religious country, with a population of both Christians and Muslims. There are no reported hate crimes against the LGBT community, but some still face discrimination and forms of harassment and for this reason keep their private life private and away from public view.

Penalties

There are no penalties for homosexuality in Mozambique as homosexuality was decriminalized in 2015.  It should be noted however that a clause under the penal code states that — who habitually engage vices against nature’ will be imprisoned.  There have been no prosecutions to date.

Myanmar

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Any homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to see homosexuality as ‘morally wrong’ and see it as a taboo subject. LGBT’s face constant discrimination from both society and authorities; they are marginalized and often targeted for abuse.  In recent times a LGBT organization has been set-up to help in the daily fight for rights for the LGBT community, they have helped to change political reforms on behalf of the LGBT community but it is taking some time to get this off the ground.

Penalties

Same sex intercourse is punishable with up to 10 years in prison in Myanmar.

Namibia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Sodomy is illegal by homosexuality is not, the law is silent on consensual intercourse between two females.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of LGBT’s.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be somewhat homophobic towards the LGBT community. Namibia is a deeply religious country with a large proportion of the country being made up of Christians.  Many are nervous to ‘come out’ to friends and family, for fear of discrimination and harassment, so live their lives behind closed doors.  There are groups and LGBT organizations that are prominent in the media to help promote equal rights for the Namibian gay community

Penalties

Sodomy is illegal in Namibia, at time of writing this cannot find any prison terms that relate to this offence or any sentences passed.

 

Nauru

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality is legal in Nauru (it was decriminalized in May 2016).
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Though the government has recent repealed the law against homosexuality in Nauru the LGBT community still live in fear of anti-gay sentiment and reprisals, any display of affection is kept out of sight from the public and behind closed doors. The public attitude is taking much longer to change than the law of the nation. It will take time for the legal change to reach public opinion.

Penalties

There is no penalty for same sex relations as it has been decriminalized.

Nigeria

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of LGBT’s.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Nigeria is a conservative country with Muslims to the North and Christians to the south. A large proportion of them believe that homosexuals should not be accepted into their society due to their religious beliefs.  With this in mind the LGBT are not willing to be open about their sexuality in fear of hate crimes, discrimination, marginalization and keep their true feelings hidden and away from public view. Their secrecy is also due to the punishment they may face is convicted.

Penalties

The penalty for same sex relations is 14 years imprisonment, it should be noted that same sex acts between women is not noted and the law is gray in this area. For those found guilty under Sharia law the penalty is stoning to death.

Oman

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

People seem to be less bigoted in Oman compared to the attitude in other neighboring countries. Homosexuality is ‘candidly accepted as long as LGBT life is kept behind closed doors and open signs of affection are not shown. Oman does have an underground gay scene but no LGBT organization to champion equal rights for LGBT’s.

Penalties

The penalty for homosexuality is a prison term of up to 3 years. However it is worth noting that this has yet been enforced.

Pakistan

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities, sexual or otherwise are illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • There is no law that prohibits same sex marriage but if they are convicted of sodomy then the penal code is enforced.
  • There is no protection against discrimination, only in employment law for transgender or transsexual individuals (known as third gender).

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Pakistan is a Muslim country who see homosexuality as sinful and against the ‘order of nature’ . They also see the subject as taboo.  LGBT’s find it hard to open up to their friends and family for fear of reprisals and so keep their true identity hidden from view. There is no ‘targeting’ of LGBT’s in Pakistan there is no recognition of LGBT groups and organizations that campaign for equal rights. Even though these groups help to support and educate, they too fear reprisals.

Penalties

Under Pakistan law same sex sexual intercourse is punishable with imprisonment from 2 to 10 years plus a fine. In Taliban-controlled territories the penalty for homosexuality is death.

 


Palau

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities for both male and female has been legal since 2014.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Despite the law decriminalizing homosexuality in 2014 the view on the LGBT community in Palau is still unknown.  The public do not talk about the subject openly. There has been no reported cases of harassment or discrimination, but LGBT’s are advised to keep any signs or displays of affection out of public view for fear of offending and condemnation.

Penalties

There are no penalties against homosexuality in Palau.

Papua New Guinea

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities sexual or otherwise are illegal for men and legal for women.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

There is a deep homophobic feeling towards the LGBT community in Papua New Guinea and see it as sinful. Many live in fear of violent attacks and discrimination, there are no open signs of affection.  With the help of the media a local group is trying to change public opinion with the showing of a short documentary about a village called Hanuabada where it is reported that gays and transgender live in relative safety. This is slowly starting to change some attitudes.

Penalties

The penalty sodomy is a prison term of up to 14 years, other male homosexual acts carries a prison term of up to 3 years.

Qatar

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities for both male and female is legal
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • Cohabitation of same sex couples is illegal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination against the LGBT community.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Qatar is a Muslim country that adheres to strict Sharia Law practices and for this reason they do not tolerate homosexuality in any way. They believe that homosexual acts are unnatural and sinful. There is no signs of open gay communities in Qatar, all meet in clandestine groups for fear of discrimination, violence and harassment. Because the government has tried to suppress LGBT organizations, there are no current groups to help support gays in Qatar. With the soccer World Cup being held in the country in 2022 there are discussions to change laws in the country before then but progress has been incredibly slow.

Penalties

The penalty for tourists convicted of homosexuality in Qatar they can face arrest, prison terms and deportation.  For Qatari homosexuals the penalty is imprisonment for up to 5 years.

Samoa

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities for males is illegal, legal for women.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination, only employment rights exist against discrimination against sexual orientation.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Samoa has a large transgender community, known as fa’afafine as is more tolerant towards these people but less than towards homosexuals. There have been no reported cases of violence towards homosexuals, but they do live in fear of discrimination. The homosexual community live their lives in private and do not show any open public signs of affection for fear of reprisals.

Penalties

The penalty for homosexuality among males is a prison term of up to 7 years.

 

São Tomé and Principe

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities for both males and females are legal, since a change in the law in 2012.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Even though the government decriminalized homosexual activity in November 2012, discrimination and harassment still exist in Sao Tomé society. The community does not have a public face in the country. The LGBT live their lives away from the public for fear of such reprisals, their true feelings and nature is kept behind closed doors.  There are no reported LGBT groups on the island.

Penalties

Homosexual activity is legal, there is no legal penalty stated in law.

Saudi Arabia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities of any kind are illegal.
  • All sex outside of marriage is illegal.
  • Gender transition is not permitted.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be strongly anti-homosexual and have an unfavorable view towards the LGBT community. Discrimination is hateful and physical when enacted. Saudi Arabia is a devoutly Islamic country that sees homosexuality as an immoral and against nature.

It is also the only Arab state that uses Islamic or Sharia law as its sole legal code. In the more developed cities in Saudi Arabia there is a more relaxed ‘gay scene’ that thrives under the surface of normal daily life, though any activity is kept behind closed doors for fear of prosecution and harassment.

Penalties

Under Sharia Law the penalty for homosexuality is punishable by death. Though this law is rarely enforced the punishment other punishments such as 6 months to life imprisonment, fines, corporal punishment such as flogging, castration, torture are also on the statute book. A second conviction results in death. Vigilante executions are also known to occur in Saudi Arabia.

Senegal

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexual activities of any type are illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination, only employment rights exist against discrimination against sexual orientation.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Senegal is one the 38 African nations that outlaws homosexuality. A large proportion of its citizens believe that they should not be accepting of any homosexual behavior of any kind. Many LGBT’s fear condemnation and abuse from both the public and the authorities, they live their lives in privacy away from public view.  There is no open gay scene, and no recognized LGBT organization to protect the rights of LGBT’s.

Penalties

The penalty for homosexual acts is 1 to 5 years in prison plus a fine of $3,000 if convicted in Senegal.

 

Seychelles

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality has legal in the Seychelles since 2016.
  • There is no protection against discrimination, only employment rights exist against discrimination against sexual orientation.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal in the Seychelles.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

There is a more relaxed feeling towards the LGBT in the Seychelles; they are more tolerant compared to other countries. The older generation alongside the religious leaders is less tolerant and sees the subject as taboo. The feeling towards LGBT acts is that goes against their Christian values and beliefs.  LGBT’s are free to walk around the island but are advised to show restraint with their affections towards each other and should keep this behind closed doors to avoid unnecessary attention.

Penalties

There are no penalties as homosexuality was legalized in 2016 in the country.

Sierra Leone

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality is illegal, female homosexuality is legal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be intolerant towards the LGBT community because the subject is seen as off-limits and is hardly if ever spoken about in public. The population is a mix of both Christian and Muslim religions that both see same sex acts as unnatural in their eyes. They state that is goes against their values and beliefs, many see it as a Western influence on their culture. The LGBT community lives their lives in secret away from public gaze and harassment.

Penalties

Male homosexuality carries a punishable term of up to life imprisonment, although this is rarely enforced. Female homosexuality is legal in Sierra Leone.

Singapore

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality is illegal, female homosexuality is legal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal in Singapore
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The consensus of the public in Singapore ‘disapproves’ of homosexuality and same sex marriage.  There are a number of religions in Singapore – Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. And all agree with the government view that homosexuality is unnatural.

There are groups and organizations based in Singapore that support and promote equal rights for the LGBT community, but face a daily battle to erase the stigma. Many face discrimination, hate crimes and so choose to live their true lives out of sight as an easier option. Vigilance is recommended.

Penalties

The penalty for male homosexuality is a prison term of up to 2 years, there is no penalty for lesbians in Singapore.

Solomon Islands

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized in the Solomon Islands.
  • There is no protection against discrimination.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be intolerant towards the LGBT community. They see same sex acts as sinful. There are no organizations on the island that help to promote equal rights for the LGBT community.  Many are forced to live their lives in secret, ashamed to show their true feelings to family and friends for fear of being marginalized. LGBT’s do not show any open signs of affection towards each other, all is kept out of sight to protect from harassment.

Penalties

The penalty for consenting anal sex is 14 years imprisonment, for attempted anal sex will result in 7 years imprisonment and acts of ‘gross indecency’ are punishable by 5 years prison term.

Somalia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized in Somalia.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country have a less than favorable outlook on LGBT’s in their communities.  A large proportion of the country is Muslims see homosexuality as unnatural and goes against their moral code. For this reason LGBT’s are advised to keep their love out of sight and in private for fear of stigma, harassment, and violent hate crimes from the public and authorities.

Penalties

Those convicted under the Penal Code face imprisonment from 3 months to 3 years.  Those convicted under Sharia Law face the death sentence in Somalia.

South Sudan

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of LGBT’s of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to have negative feelings and opinions towards the LGBT community. There is a mix of both Christian and Muslims in South Sudan and both religions see homosexuality as sinful and against their religious beliefs.  The church and the government strongly condemn homosexual practices and the topic of homosexuality is never openly spoken about. The LGBT is hidden deep underground, for fear of violence, harassment and abuse.

Penalties

The penalty for same sex acts is prison term of up to 10 years in South Sudan.

Sri Lanka

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be homophobic towards the LGBT community.  Many see homosexuals as committing acts that are ‘against the law of nature’.  There is no redress in law of any forms discrimination and the LGBT’s live in fear of living openly, they are subjected to violent hate crimes, constant discrimination, harassment and many are forced to live away from family and friends. Visitors are advised to keep any displays of affection away from public view.

Penalties

The prison term for same sex acts is up to 10 years imprisonment if convicted.

St Kitts & Nevis

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal, female homosexuality is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be homophobic and have a very negative attitude towards the LGBT community. The tiny islands rely heavily on tourism and as long as there is no open signs of public affection shown the public are ‘tolerant’ towards them.  But, there are mixed feelings towards the local LGBT, some live freely where some live behind closed doors for fear of discrimination and harassment.

Penalties

Male homosexuals can face a prison term of up ten years, females face no penalty under St Kitts & Nevis law.

St Lucia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal; the law regarding females is ambiguous.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind, only in employment law.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Like most of the small Caribbean islands, St Lucia relies heavily on tourism. With this in mind their outlook on LGBT’s visiting their country is somewhat tolerant, though there is a section of the population that see homosexual acts as sinful and against their Catholic beliefs.  There have been reports of both LGBT’s locals and tourists being marginalized and harassed, so for the main, it is kept behind closed doors for fear of reprisals.

Penalties

The penalty for homosexual acts is a prison term of up 10 years if found guilty in St lucia.

St Vincent & the Grenadines

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind towards the LGBT community.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be homophobic. They have a pessimistic attitude towards the LGBT community, who have to live their lives out of public view for fear of hate crimes, stigma, harassment and violence. There are no LGBT groups or organizations in St Vincent that support and champion for equal rights.  St Vincent and the Grenadines is a Christian country that sees homosexual acts as ‘unnatural’ and goes against their feelings and religious beliefs. It is a popular tourist destination and the attitude on the islands may change as more Western influences reach there.

Penalties

The penalty for gross indecency carries imprisonment for up to 5 years under their laws. Buggery carries a prison term of up to 10 years on the islands.

Sudan

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Sudan is a deeply Islamic society that looks upon homosexuals acts as sinful and against nature; the subject is taboo and is rarely often discussed.  LGBT’s face discrimination from the public on a daily basis mainly due to the fact of the deeply rooted religious, social and private beliefs held by them. The LGBT community is mainly underground. No open public displays of affection are shown for fear of social and political punishment.  There is a LGBT group that helps to educate, support and campaign for the rights of their community.

Penalties

The penalty for same sex relations is up to 10 years imprisonment if convicted and found guilty under Sudanese law.

Swaziland

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal; the law regarding females is ambiguous.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind against LGBT’s.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Swaziland has mixture of religions but they all see homosexuals as committing acts that go against their beliefs. As such it’s sinful in their eyes.  LGBT’s live with the fear of being shunned by their friends and family, having to live as outcasts.  With this in mind, LGBT’s live their lives in secret, away from public view. They live with constant fear of discrimination and harassment and in some cases eviction from their homes.  There is an LGBT organization that helps to raise awareness of HIV and the LGBT community but is not recognized by the government. Tourists are advised to keep their affections to themselves in public.

Penalties

The penalty for male homosexuality is imprisonment for up to 10 years under Swaziland law but there are no reports of this law being enforced.

Syria

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Syria is a Sunni Muslim country where they look upon LGBT’s as commingling acts that are ‘against the order of nature’.  Many are forced to live their lives underground away from prying eyes, many live in fear of being disowned by their families for bringing shame on them.  Many in the LGBT community live in fear of being evicted, harassed, marginalized, discriminated against and humiliated which can lead to violent threats and in some cases fatal. Syria is a war-torn country where many people of all sectors of society seek refuge in other countries, for many LGBT the stigma follows them.

Penalties

The penalty for homosexuality is imprisonment for up to 3 years under Syrian law but reprisals from factions that control certain areas may differ.

Tanzania

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal; the law is ambiguous for females
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind against LGBT’s.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to homophobic. The attitude towards the LGBT community is decidedly negative.  There is an approximate same size of both Christians and Muslims living in Tanzania who look upon their gay neighbors as committing acts that are sinful. There is no active open gay scene in Tanzania. It is kept out of sight for fear of reprisals. Many face ridicule, discrimination from both the public and authorities and abuse. It is advised to keep any displays of affection to private settings.

Penalties

The penalty for male homosexual acts carries imprisonment term of 30 years to life imprisonment.  Lesbians are not specifically mentioned in mainland Tanzanian Law but in a semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar women face imprisonment of up to 5 years and a fine of 50,000 shillings. For gay men, if convicted they can serve a prison sentence of up to 14 years.


 

Togo

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The subject of homosexuals in Togo is taboo. It is hardly if ever spoken about.  There are no recognized support groups or organizations that rally on behalf of the LGBT community in respect of education and fighting for equal rights.  The gay community seems to live their lives away from society, there is no open signs of public affection for fear of being stigmatized, harassed and marginalized by friends and family.

Penalties

Same sex acts carries a penalty of up to 3 years imprisonment and a fine of 100,000 to 500,000 francs under Togolese law.

Tonga

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal, it is uncertain in law for lesbians.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be tolerant towards male homosexuals, and is also supportive of transgender ism with the Fakaleiti community in Tonga. There is no stigma attached to Fakaleiti as it seen as a Polynesian way of life, though some face discrimination in school and in the work-place. Lesbians live their lives under the radar for fear of reprisals and do not show open signs of public affection, this is also true for male homosexuals in many parts of the country.

Penalties

Penalties for male homosexuality are a prison term of up to 10 years with whipped if convicted.  The law for lesbians is uncertain and there are no reported cases in the Tongan press.

Trinidad and Tobago

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

There has been a ‘Gay Pride’ scene in Trinidad and Tobago for 20 years, though the scene is neither public nor outdoors. It is not published as a festival for fear of homophobic feelings and reprisals from the small part of the population that are intolerant of LGBT’s.  As a whole, society is more accepting towards the LGBT community, though there have been reported cases of harassment and discrimination. Gay life in Trinidad and Tobago is more relaxed than in other parts of the Caribbean and tourists can feel more relaxed in private.

Penalties

In Trinidad and Tobago, the primary penalty which is in place is imprisonment. Prison sentences can range from between 5 years and 25 years, depending on the severity of the crime.

Tunisia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Tunisia is a deeply Muslim country that has homophobic feelings towards the gay, lesbian and transgender community; they see their acts as unnatural, sinful and go against all their religious beliefs.  There is widespread discrimination against the LGBT community from both the public and authorities. They face harassment, hate crimes, marginalization and are forced to live their lives away from public view.  Tunisia has an active LGBT organization that tries to help to support and challenge for equal rights but this has been slow to take off.

Penalties

The penalty for sodomy carries a prison sentence of 3 years. Those found guilty of outrage against public decency can face prison of 6 months and or a fine under local law.

Turkmenistan

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal, female homosexuality is legal
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind against anyone from an LGBT background.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in Turkmenistan are known to be openly homophobic towards the LGBT community in their country. Turkmenistan is an Islamic country that sees any form of homosexuality as going against nature and is deeply sinful.  There is small LGBT community in the capital but all keep themselves to themselves and are very secretive, there is no open public sign of affection for fear of harassment and discrimination and this applies to visitors as well as locals.

Penalties

Male homosexuality is punishable with imprisonment for up to 2 years in Turkmenistan.  There is no mention in the statute books regarding female homosexuality.  People are also sent for ‘cures’ in psychiatric hospitals in the country.

Tuvalu

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal, female homosexuality is legal.
  • The law on Gender transition is unknown.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be somewhat tolerant towards the LGBT community at times. Though there have been no reported cases of violence, the LGBT community keep their lives away from public view for fear of stigma and intimidation. There are no reported organizations that support or fight for legal rights for the LGBT community of Tuvalu. It is advisable to keep any displays of affection to private occasions only.

Penalties

The penalty for male homosexuals ranges from 5 years for indecent assault to 14 years for sodomy if found guilty under Tuvalu law.

Uganda

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal; the law on female homosexuality is ambiguous.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The Ugandan people believe that homosexuality should not be accepted in society.  The LGBT community has to hide their true nature and feelings away from society and authorities for fear of violent hate crimes, discrimination, constant harassment and marginalization. There are groups and organizations in Uganda that seek to challenge and change both public and political views on gay rights but these too are often meet with harassment.

Penalties

The penalty ‘aggravated homosexuality’ carries life imprisonment. A 7 year sentence is imposed on those convicted of ‘aiding and abetting homosexuality’ in Uganda.

United Arab Emirates

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal; the law on female homosexuality is ambiguous.
  • Gender transition has been legal since 2016.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in this country are known to be deeply homophobic with strong views against the LGBT community – with Islam being the main religion. As such society believes that same sex acts are sinful and go against the order of nature, the subject is taboo and strictly forbidden. The LGBT community and travelers to the region have to hide their true nature for fear of reprisals.

There is a LGBT scene in some of the larger cities of the UAE but this is kept out of sight and underground.  UAE have strict laws regarding open sign of affection regardless of orientation, drinking and dress codes.

Penalties

The law on female homosexuality is uncertain, it is not mentioned specifically in the stature books but any homosexual crime may relate to the sentencing under ‘indecent acts’.  Penalties for male homosexuality in the UAE can carry prison terms from 6 months to 10 years.  In some cases the punishment can include flogging, chemical castration and execution.  Travelers to the UAE face deportation if found guilty.

Uzbekistan

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal, the law on female homosexuality is ambiguous.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind against LGBT’s.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The subject of homosexuality is taboo in Uzbekistan. Nobody talks about it for society as a whole must been seen to be ‘living the norm’; the subject is never reported in the newspapers.  There is no open gay scene and no open displays of affection for all LGBT’s live their true lives out of sight for fear of carrying the stigma. They live with constant threats from the authorities along with discrimination and harassment. The same goes for visitors to the country.

Penalties

The penalty for male homosexuality is imprisonment for up to 3 years.  There is no penalty in the Penal Code for female homosexuals in Uzbekistan.

Yemen

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is illegal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Yemen is a mainly conservative country with a large proportion being Sunni Muslims.  With their religious beliefs on homosexuality the subject is taboo and many are homophobic.  Gay life is kept underground and is nonexistent in pub.

Many are afraid to tell friends and family of their true nature for fear of being ‘outcast’ and fear of harassment. The attitude towards visitors is similar, so it is advised to keep displays of affection private.

Penalties

The penalty for female homosexuals is up to 3 years in imprisonment in Yemen. For unmarried male homosexuals the punishment is 100 lashes and a year in prison. For married males they are sentenced to death, traditional the death penalty. It is worth noting though that this has not been enforced.

Zambia

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind against the LGBT community.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

Zambia is a deeply religious society that strongly opposes homosexuality; they have a negative outlook and perceive homosexuality as immoral and a form of insanity. There is no recognized organization in Zambia to support the LGBT community in challenging for equal rights and educating both heterosexuals and gays regarding HIV.  LGBT’s live in constant threat of harassment, arrest by authorities and victimization. Tourists are advised to avoid any displays of affection in any public places.

Penalties

The penalty for same homosexuality carries a prison term of up to 15 years if convicted under Zambian law.

Zimbabwe

LGBT Laws

Below is a list of the LGBT laws which are enforced in this country.

  • Male homosexuality activity of any kind is illegal, female homosexuality is legal.
  • Gender transition is legal.
  • Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • There is no protection against discrimination of any kind.

The Public and Their Outlook on LGBT

The public in Zimbabwe see homosexuality as a highly taboo subject and have an ‘anti-gay’ stance towards the LGBT community.  LGBT’s are subject to violent hate crimes, constant discrimination in all walks of life, some face blackmail from the authorities and public. There is a ‘gay scene’ in Zimbabwe but it is kept hidden from public view and any forms of public displays of affection are kept behind closed doors. LGBT visitors are advised to show no affection to each other.

Penalties

The penalties which are currently enforced against homosexuality in Zimbabwe range from as little as arrests, to as far as torture. Not only this, but law enforcement officers are known to ignore any harassment and violence which local communities induce on homosexuals.

 

Other Countries…

Now, usually when it comes to discussing countries who have laws in place against LGBT rights, you’d find that both Russia and Lithuania are in place for discussion. However, neither of these countries are against LGBT acts but rather have laws in place that are against “LGBT propaganda”.

Simply put, this means that they have bans against anything which promotes non-traditional relationships. To rid any confusion, LGBT relationships are completely legal but the promotion of these relationships aren’t. LGBT couples and individuals may wish to exercise caution in these countries.

Keeping Yourself Safe

Before we jump into the different laws and safety issues of countries across the world, here are some of the best ways for you to keep you and your partner safe while visiting any of the countries listed below where the LGBT community is persecuted.

PDA – Public Displays of Affection are something which a lot of people are unsure about. Some people are quite content with it, others get uncomfortable. That being said, if you are abroad and aren’t sure as to the acceptance of LGBT communities in the area that you’re in, try to avoid PDA until you are back in a location that you know is safe.

Holding Hands – Following on from the point above, even the smaller details such as holding your partners hand may draw unwanted attention. Try your best to not hold hands during the time that you aren’t in a safe area.

Relationship and Sexual Status It may be a good idea to keep both your relationship and sexual status a secret in many of these countries. Being open about either may expose you to serious, life threatening danger in many of the countries listed.

It’s worth noting that we do understand forcing yourself to not show any sign of affection to the partner that you love so much can hurt emotionally, but in countries such as those listed below, it’s a matter of basic health and safety. Penalties can be harsh in these countries and hate crimes can involve life threatening violence.

If you take some of these pointers on board, you can save yourself from becoming a victim to a hate crime as well as protecting yourself from any abuse which is considered normal by local communities in these countries.

To Conclude…

We understand how upsetting it can be that you are unable to love your partner in a way which you should. Even having to avoid simple PDAs such as holding hands is very saddening. Unfortunately, this is how many of the LGBT couples and individuals in these countries have to go about their daily lives.

As unfortunate as this is, when visiting the countries listed above, you simply must take into account their laws and the public’s outlook on LGBT rights in these countries. Without doing so, you could land yourself in serious trouble including imprisonment, hate-crime violence or even death.

If you plan on going on visiting any of these countries either with your partner or as an individual, please carefully research what their laws on LGBT rights are as well as what sort of outlook the public has on LGBT rights. This will help ensure you and your partner’s safety.

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